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Updated: Aug 28, 2023


Maharana Kumbha, the ruler of Mewar, established the Vijaya Stambha, also known as the Tower of Victory, in Chittorgarh. It is a masterpiece of nationalist architecture created to mark the state's triumph over Mohammed Khilji's encroachment. King Rana Kumbha built this "Triumph Tower" between 1442 and 1449 AD as a reminder of his victory over the united troops of Malwa and Gujarat in 1440 AD.


The tower, which is 37.19 metres (122 feet) tall and is composed of red sandstone and white marble, is dedicated to the god Vishnu. Beautiful sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses are shown on its nine floors, each with accompanying inscriptions. Architectural details, symbols of the seasons, tools, and musical instruments are all present throughout the tower. Sandstone and marble pieces are used to chisel out each design.

The lineage of Chittorgarh's monarchs, from Hamir to Rana Kumbha, is recorded on the inscribed slabs in the topmost storey. On the fifth storey of the tower are portraits of Jaita, the skyscraper's architect, and his three sons, Napa, Puja, and Poma. An image of Padmavati, the Jain goddess, is shown on the top floor. Additionally, Rana Kumbha had the Arabic word for God engraved eight times on the ninth level and nine times in the third storey.

It wouldn't be an exaggeration to refer to the Vijay Pillar as a museum of Hindu gods and goddesses as it houses nearly all of the monuments and deities mentioned in mythical literature. However, because of the on going mining operations taking place near the fort and the surrounding area. Due to damage to its walls, the Archaeological Department has shut it down to visitors for a year until repairs are made.

Around 157 small stairs make up the interior staircase that leads to the terrace, however only the eighth story is accessible to visitors because the ninth floor is off limits. There are balconies and apertures on each of the nine stories that look out over Chittorgarh Fort. The “Tower of Victory” perpetuates the model established by the previous Jain Temple – the 13th century “Tower of Glory” that was built by a Jain merchant near the Mahariva temple.


The Vijay Pillar is the Chittorgarh fort's most significant location. Without visiting the Victory Pillar, a visitor to the Chittorgarh fort does not leave. The Samiddhesvara Temple, which houses a three-headed figure of Shiva, Brahma, and Vishnu, is one of the temples that can be seen nearby. The bottom perspective of the tower gives a complete feeling of antique construction.

The entire city of Chittorgarh can be seen majestically from the top floor. The best time to see the spectacular tower is in the evening when you can obtain a breath taking perspective of the area and feel proud of the rich history of the nation.

Pic Courtesy Internet.

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