There are a wide number of carpentry fittings available for repairing windows, doors, cupboards and much more. The use of such fittings is restricted in number as required in our work as they are costly and often become unusable unless they are regularly worked.
Here, some of the fixtures that are widely explained below are:
Door and Window
Hinges Also available in steel (plain and oxidized), brass and aluminium. It is better to use steel for heavy doors compared to aluminium, as they contain plastic washers that appear to wear off early under heavy loads.
They are routinely used for doors and windows.
They are alike to butt hinges, but the central pin can be removed so that the two can be individually fixed one to the frame and the other to the shutter.
These hinges are very useful in the preparation of passage doors. They allow doors and windows to be held open, with the aid of a shutter that rests parallel to the wall.
These hinges are generally used for shutters of cupboards, wardrobes, etc.
Single acting and double acting forms are available in mild steel, (plain and oxidized) aluminum and brass, which are used for automatic shutter closure.
Door and Window Bolts
Door and Window Bolts are common door and window fixtures and are available in aluminum, brass or mild steel. Tower Bolts are widely used on doors and windows and are available in titanium, steel and brass .Sliding door bolts are used for doors where locks are used. Flush bolts are used for cupboards and sliding windows for bolting a shutter flush with an exterior.
Hasp and Staple
The part with the hinged extension is the hasp, and the fixed part with the hook is the base. These may be of two kinds, the safety type is made of mild steel, cast brass or aluminium, and the form of wire is typically made of steel.
There are various types of handles made of mild steel, aluminium alloys and brass, which are typically attached to doors.
This is called by this name because the part of the lock is put in a mortice. They are available in two forms, vertical and horizontal, consisting of two bolts, a latch bolt and a lock bolt.
This lock only has a key-operated lock and requires another tool to hold it closed when it is unlocked.
This lock is applied to the front of the door and is used when the door is too small to fit a mortice lock.
Acts as a key from the inside and lock from the outside for use on front doors. Latches are available in the form of rim and mortice.
Cupboard and wardrobe locks:
These are heavy and light duty locks, usually made of brass and are fitted to the side of the movable shutter.
Other Door and Windows fittings:
There are several other styles of door and window fittings which are described below:
Hooks and eyes:
These are usually used to keep them open for screens.
Window stays: It is used to keep the windows, fanlights, etc. open at the desired spot. These can be flexible for keeping the shutters in various positions.
Hook chain: These are used for ventilators.
Door stoppers of different types: Stoppers of the magnetic kind are used to hold the doors fully open.
Hydraulic door closer:
there are two styles, namely the type of bottle and the type of tubular, mounted on top of doors consisting of a hydraulically controlled cylinder.
They have a strike plate and a catch with a ball and spring and are usually used for cupboards.
Magnetic catches for wooden cupboards:
Instead they can be used to catch ball. Usually these are used for children's doors which we don't want to bolt.
PICTURE COURTESY : INTERNET